Yang Deficiency


by James O’Sullivan Lic.Ac (China)

Ancient Chinese people were greatly interested in the relationships and patterns that occurred in nature. Instead of studying situations and things in isolation, they viewed the world as a harmonious and holistic entity. In their eyes, no single being or form could exist unless it was seen in relation to its surrounding environment. By simplifying these relationships, they tried to explain complicated phenomena in the universe.

Yang is the energy that is responsible for warming and activating bodily functions. When Yang is in decline or deficient you feel cold and your body begins to slow down, displaying signs of under activity. There are a number of simple methods to tonify Yang.

Clinical pIcture: Deficient Yang syndrome is manifested as aversion to cold, cold extremities, soreness and weakness or cold pain in the lower back and knees, impotence, spermatorrhea, sterility, watery leucorrhea, enuresis, pale, wet and swollen tongue coating, deep slow, weak, pulse, wheezing and diarrhea (without odour).

Foods that benefit Yang, with the greatest tonics in bold:

Grains:             Quinoa, sweet (glutinous) rice, wheat germ

Vegetables:     Leek, mustard greens, onion, radish, scallion, squash, sweet potato, turnip, watercress

Fruit:                Raspberry, Cherry, Lychee, Logan berry, Peach, Strawberry

Nuts & seeds: Chestnuts, Pistachio nuts, Walnuts, Pinenuts,

Fish:                 Lobster, Mussel, Prawn, Shrimp, Trout, Anchovy,

Meat:              Lamb, Venison, Kidneys (both beef and lamb), Chicken,

Herbs and spices: Basil, Clove, Black pepper, Chive seed, Rosemary, Fennel seed, Fennugreek seed, Horseradish, Caper, Cayenne, Cinnamon bark, Dill seed, Garlic, Ginger, Nutmeg, Peppermint, Sage, Savory, Spearmint, Star anise, Tumeric, Thyme, White Pepper

Beverages:      Jasmine tea, Chai tea,

Common supplements: Algae, Brown Sugar, Korean Ginseng, Malt Sugar, Vinegar

Every day western foods examples that can be used to Tonify Yang

  • Mussels cooked with a little garlic
  • Roast chicken with sage and thyme
  • Roasted vegetables with and rosemary
  • Rice porridge with cinnamon, nutmeg and a little brown sugar
  • Leek and potato soup with black pepper
  • Or by adding any of the many spices as listed above to dishes when cooking.

Foods to avoid. If you are experiencing Yang deficiency then it is important to avoid foods that will further deplete your body’s Yang energy. Cold food and liquids fall into this category. Here ‘cold foods’ refers not only to those directly taken from the fridge but also to raw foods, as these require extra energy for digestion compared to pre-cooked foods. This may mean choosing a pasta salad over a green salad or switching from muesli to oat porridge for breakfast.

It is important to remember that we can change the “nature” of food to warming foods by cooking or warming them. This will preserve their energetic and nutrient value, while increasing their Yang nature, therefore soups, porridge and slow roasted foods show become the dishes of choice for those with a Yang deficiency. The herbs and spices mentioned above are warming and as such in small amounts encourage digestion and circulation throughout the body. While it may seem reasonable to achieve an improved warming effect by using the stronger spices such as black pepper liberally, care needs to be taken as these can be used to excess, inducing sweating which in fact actually has a cooling drying effect on the body.

Herbs That Tonify Yang

In general, herbs that tonify Yang are warm and dry in nature.  They can injure Yin and give rise to fire, so they are contraindicated for a person with deficient Yin and excessive fire syndrome.

Incomplete – Come back for more later………..


Ma Dan-yang 12 Heavenly Star Acupoints

The twelve Heavenly Star qi-points of Ma Dan Yang, who was a famous Daoist practitioner of traditional Chinese medicine, around 1140 A.D. These are his famous chosen Qi-points as recorded in his ode to 11 miraculous acupuncture points, which was published in the Jade Dragon Manual in 1329. the twelfth Qi-point LR-03 was added by Xu Feng who introduced the Eight Extraordinary Vessels.

More publications here:
Textbook: Practical Chinese Medicine.
Who is James O’Sullivan


2020 Timetable

The course is run over 11 weekends throughout the year – highlighted on calendar below in Gold.
Saturday at 9:30am to 6pm
Sunday at 9:30am to 6pm.
Lunch 12:30 – 13:30 (not included)

Intensive timetable! you will be tired but you will love this subject and the powerful skills learnt. Roughly 50% of the course is practical.

You will be giving as well as receiving hands on Tuina massage. We locate acupoints directly on skin but the Tuina can be applied over very light clothing, such as t shirt and shorts.

World Health Organisation

In 2003, the World Health Organization published a landmark study, titled “Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Reports on Controlled Clinical Trials”.
Diseases and disorders that can be treated with acupuncture

Upper Respiratory Tract

  • Acute sinusitis
  • Acute rhinitis,
  • Common Cold
  • Acute tonsillitis

Respiratory System

  • Acute bronchitis – Bronchial asthma

Disorders of the Eye

  • Acute conjunctivitis
  • Central retinitis,
  • Myopia (children)
  • Cataract

Disorders of the Mouth

  • Toothache, post-extraction pain,
  • Gingivitis
  • Acute and chronic pharyngitis

Gastrointestinal Disorders

  • Spasms of oesophagus and cardia,
  • Hiccough
  • Gastroptosis
  • Acute and chronic gastritis
  • Gastric hyperacidity
  • Chronic duodenal ulcer (pain relief)
  • Acute duodenal ulcer
  • Acute and chronic colitis
  • Acute bacillary dysentery,
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Paralytic ileus

Neurological and Musculo-skeletal Disorders

  • Headache and migraine
  • Trigeminal neuralgia,
  • Facial palsy (early stage, i.e., within three to six months)
  • Pareses following a stroke
  • Peripheral neuropathies
  • Sequelae of poliomyelitis (early stage, i.e., within six months)
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Neurogenic bladder dysfunction –
  • Nocturnal enuresis
  • Intercostal neuralgia
  • Cervicobrachial syndrome
  • “Frozen shoulder”,
  • “tennis elbow”
  • Sciatica
  • Low back pain
  • Osteoarthritis

The most common conditions include:

  • Chronic pain
  • Neck and Back pain
  • Migraine
  • Headaches
  • Acute injury-related pain
  • Sprains and Strains
  • Indigestion
  • Ulcers
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Cardiovascular conditions
  • High and low blood pressure
  • Menstrual irregularity
  • Infertility
  • Impotence
  • Muscle and nerve
  • Paralysis
  • Deafness
  • Addictive Behaviours
  • Substance abuse
  • Overeating
  • Drug dependence
  • Smoking,
  • Surgery
  • Anaesthesia

Western Medicine

This important element of the Diploma course

All World Health Organisation affiliated TCM colleges have taught Western Medical sciences since 1953. These have been taught as an integral part of all courses in acupuncture, Chinese herbs, and Tuina.
It is essential for the modern practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine to have a thorough understanding of Anatomy, Physiology and western pathology, pharmacology and applied clinical medicine in order to provide the best possible care and treatment for our patients.
In most cases the patient will present with a western diagnosis and be on drug therapy.
This Western Medicine module is developed to the highest  international standards and it is included in all our courses and is a requirement for qualification with one of our Diplomas or Licentiates.
– Histology   – The Blood,
– Circulatory system
– Lymphatic system
– Respiratory system
– Digestive system and Nutrition
– Urinary system
– Endocrine system
– Muscular system
– Reproductive system
– Nervous system
– Special senses
– The Skin
– Skeletal system – The Joints

Pathology of each system will also be covered.
Credit for Previous Learning: There will be a certain time allocated to Western Medical Sciences and an exemption is available to those with recognised qualifications.

Harmonising Aggressive Energy

This treatment protocol is based on Five Elements and is a simple effective treatment for clearing Aggressive energy, reducing stress, nourishing the Soul, Strengthening the body.

Half inch (1/2″) needles are inserted just barely under the skin, from top to bottom and right to left, usually inserting BL-15 as the last point.

The points in this treatment:

  • BL-13 – Fei (Lung) Shu Acupoint
  • BL-14 – Xin Bao (Pericardium) Shu Acupoint
  • BL-15 – Xin (Heart) Shu Acupoint
  • BL-18 – Gan (Liver) Shu Acupoint
  • BL-20- Pi (Spleen) Shu Acupoint
  • BL-23 – Shen (Kidney) Shu Acupoint

Needles are retained in the patient for 20 minutes.


Tuina Course Content

Course Content: You will gain a thorough knowledge in Traditional Chinese Medicine, covering the following lectures and practical sessions.

The theory of Yin & Yang, how its understood in medicine, its functions and interactions.

The theory of the Vital Substances.

  • Qi
  • Blood
  • Body Fluids
  • Essence
  • Shen

History and development of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
History and development of Tui Na Chinese Medical Acupressure, Medical Qi Gong,
Concepts and Theories of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Diagnostic methods applied to Traditional Chinese Medicine

  • Looking,
  • Asking,
  • Palpation,
  • Smelling,
  • Foundation in Tongue Diagnosis
  • Foundation in Pulse Diagnosis

TCM Syndrome identification of the major syndromes
Theory and Principals of Yin & Yang
Five Element theory and its use in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Vital Substances: Functions and Disharmonies of the Vital Substances

  • Qi
  • Blood (Xue)
  • Body Fluids (Jin Ye)
  • Essence (Jing)
  • Spirit (Shen)

Zang Fu: Organs of the body, their energetic functions and disharmonies
Origins of disharmony, Causes of Disease, the Pathogenic Factors and Emotions
Examination techniques and protocol: Signs & Symptoms
Location of the 14 Meridians and collaterals
Location of the Qi points (approximate 90 points)
Functions of the Qi points. (approximate 90 points)

The quality of our notes are developed according to the latest studies in effective teaching and optimised learning by James O’Sullivan B. A. Psychology and Lic. Ac. (China), they represent a percentage of lecture content to enable the student to enjoy the lecture, while easily take notes and have time to think and ask those relevant and important questions. A lecturer is a facilitator of the dissemination of course knowledge and as such also facilitates active participation between lecture and student

Practical: Examination and practical Diagnostic methods applied to Traditional Chinese Medicine

  • Contra-Indications of Tuina
  • Commonly used manipulations and Tuina techniques for acupuncture
  • Cupping (vacuum cupping)
  • Demonstration of Gua Sha (scraping)
  • Treatment of common disharmonies
  • Clinical treatments under supervision using Tuina to treat a wide variety of conditions

The Financials

The course is run on 11 weekends over a year and costs €1850 if paid in advance.

There is a €500 deposit to secure a place on the course.

Instalment Plan: €1970

  • Oct/Nov/Dec… €500 non refundable (see below).
  • January 2020: €490
  • February 2020: €490
  • March 2020: €490
  • November 2020: Examination fee is included.

Textbook: €33 plus postage or €25 if ordered as group for start of course.

Notes/videos/voice overs: Supplied as course progresses.


  • You must purchase or have access to a treatment couch for use during the training.
  • You will need 2 bath sheet towels, a sheet for couch and any pillows you require.

Refunds / Cancellations:

If our numbers are not met, you will receive a full refund of fees.

If you cancel your course within one month before the start date, you will lose your deposit of €500. All other fees will be refunded in full.

Feng Chi – (GB-20)

Feng Chi (GB 20)

  • English translation: Wind Pond

International identity number: GB 20, Gall Bladder 20,

Point Associations:

  • Meeting point of the Gall Bladder and San Jiao channels with the Yang Motility and Yang Linking vessels


  • In the depression between the origins of m. sternocleidomastoideus and m. trapezius, on the same level with Feng fu (Du 16) below the occiput.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1.5 cun. or through needling to Neiguan (P 6).


  • Eliminates interior and exterior Wind
  • Subdues Liver Yang
  • Brightens the eyes
  • Benefits the ears
  • Clears Heat
  • Clears the brain
  • Benefits the head
  • Clears the sense organs
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain

Feng Chi (GB 20) because of its location, is an essential point for treating all disharmony between the body and head, all issues of the head, brain (seizures, memory, mental/neurological disorders), face, throat and sense organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue).

Feng Chi (GB 20) translation of Wind Pool goes some eway to describe its function of eliminating Wind, both interior and exterior with symptoms such as  (Exterior Wind) – fever/chills, stiff neck, (Internal Wind) – paralysis, twitching, tremors, numbness, dizziness, vertigo.

It is a primary point when treating Headache, especially occipital and headaches located along the channel of the Gall Bladder.

I find this point especially useful when treating pain, weakness, stiffness conditions of the neck, shoulders, upper back.

Feng Chi (GB 20) is indicated in many texts for treating hypertension, especially due to Liver Yang Rising.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.



Wai Guan (SJ-05)

  • English translation: Outer Gate

International identity number: SJ 05, San Jiao 05, Triple Warmer 05, Triple Heater 05,

Point Associations:

  • Luo-Connecting point of the San Jiao channel
  • Master point of the Yang Wei Mai (Yang Linking vessel) with Zu Lingqi (GB-41)


  • 2 cun above Yangchi (SJ 4), in the depression between the radius and ulna, on the radial side of the extensor digitorum communis tendons.
  • a cun is the distance between the 2nd and 3rd knuckles, or the distance at the widest part of the thumb.
  • Additional: Yangchi (SJ4) is located on the back of the wrist, at the level of the wrist joint (crease) in the depression between the tendons of extensor digitorum communis, and extensor digiti minimi.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1.5 cun. or through needling to Neiguan (P 6).


  • Expels Wind Heat
  • Releases the Exterior
  • Removes obstructions from the channel
  • Benefits the ears
  • Subdues Liver Yang
  • Benefits the head and ears
  • Clears heat
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain
  • Opens the Yang Wei Mai (Yang Linking vessel)

Wai Guan (SJ-05) is the opening point of the Yang Wei Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system.

SJ-05 is essential in expelling pathogenic factors from the exterior especially febrile diseases. It is indicated for temporal, frontal and vertex headaches

Pain in the cheek, strained neck, deafness, tinnitus, pain in the hypochondriac region, motor impairment of the elbow/arm, pain in the fingers, hand tremor.

Luo-Connecting points of one meridian can communicate with two meridians. They treat diseases of the collaterals and can be used to treat chronic diseases, especially chronic diseases of the Zang-Fu organs. Clinically, Luo-Connecting points are often combined with Yuan-Source points in the treatment of diseases.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.