Category Archives: Tuina

Feng Chi – (GB-20)

Feng Chi (GB 20)

  • English translation: Wind Pond

International identity number: GB 20, Gall Bladder 20,

Point Associations:

  • Meeting point of the Gall Bladder and San Jiao channels with the Yang Motility and Yang Linking vessels

Location:

  • In the depression between the origins of m. sternocleidomastoideus and m. trapezius, on the same level with Feng fu (Du 16) below the occiput.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1.5 cun. or through needling to Neiguan (P 6).

Functions:

  • Eliminates interior and exterior Wind
  • Subdues Liver Yang
  • Brightens the eyes
  • Benefits the ears
  • Clears Heat
  • Clears the brain
  • Benefits the head
  • Clears the sense organs
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain

Feng Chi (GB 20) because of its location, is an essential point for treating all disharmony between the body and head, all issues of the head, brain (seizures, memory, mental/neurological disorders), face, throat and sense organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue).

Feng Chi (GB 20) translation of Wind Pool goes some eway to describe its function of eliminating Wind, both interior and exterior with symptoms such as  (Exterior Wind) – fever/chills, stiff neck, (Internal Wind) – paralysis, twitching, tremors, numbness, dizziness, vertigo.

It is a primary point when treating Headache, especially occipital and headaches located along the channel of the Gall Bladder.

I find this point especially useful when treating pain, weakness, stiffness conditions of the neck, shoulders, upper back.

Feng Chi (GB 20) is indicated in many texts for treating hypertension, especially due to Liver Yang Rising.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

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Wai Guan (SJ-05)

  • English translation: Outer Gate

International identity number: SJ 05, San Jiao 05, Triple Warmer 05, Triple Heater 05,

Point Associations:

  • Luo-Connecting point of the San Jiao channel
  • Master point of the Yang Wei Mai (Yang Linking vessel) with Zu Lingqi (GB-41)

Location:

  • 2 cun above Yangchi (SJ 4), in the depression between the radius and ulna, on the radial side of the extensor digitorum communis tendons.
  • a cun is the distance between the 2nd and 3rd knuckles, or the distance at the widest part of the thumb.
  • Additional: Yangchi (SJ4) is located on the back of the wrist, at the level of the wrist joint (crease) in the depression between the tendons of extensor digitorum communis, and extensor digiti minimi.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1.5 cun. or through needling to Neiguan (P 6).

Functions:

  • Expels Wind Heat
  • Releases the Exterior
  • Removes obstructions from the channel
  • Benefits the ears
  • Subdues Liver Yang
  • Benefits the head and ears
  • Clears heat
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain
  • Opens the Yang Wei Mai (Yang Linking vessel)

Wai Guan (SJ-05) is the opening point of the Yang Wei Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system.

SJ-05 is essential in expelling pathogenic factors from the exterior especially febrile diseases. It is indicated for temporal, frontal and vertex headaches

Pain in the cheek, strained neck, deafness, tinnitus, pain in the hypochondriac region, motor impairment of the elbow/arm, pain in the fingers, hand tremor.

Luo-Connecting points of one meridian can communicate with two meridians. They treat diseases of the collaterals and can be used to treat chronic diseases, especially chronic diseases of the Zang-Fu organs. Clinically, Luo-Connecting points are often combined with Yuan-Source points in the treatment of diseases.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

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Hou Xi (SI-03)

        

  • English translation: Back Stream

International identity number: SI 03, Small Intestine 03

Point Associations:

  • Shu-Stream
  • Wood point of the Small Intestine channel
  • Master point of the Du Mai (Governing vessel) with Shen Mai (Bl-62)

Location:

  • Make loose fist,  Point is on the Ulnar side, on the end of the transvease crease, proximal to the 5th. metacarpophalangel joint on the junction of the red and white skin.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun

Functions:

  • Eliminates interior Wind from Du Mai (Governing Vessel),
  • Expels exterior Wind,
  • Benefits the sinews,
  • Resolves Dampness,
  • Resolves jaundice,
  • Clears the Mind,
  • Treats malaria.
  • Benefits the occiput, neck and back
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain
  • Calms the spirit and treats epilepsy
  • Clears heat and benefits the sensory orifices

Hou Xi (SI-03) is the opening point of the Yang Qiao Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system.

Hou Xi (SI-03) is an exceptional point for neck and back issues when coupled with Bl 62. Shu-Stream points are where the Qi starts to pour down the meridian. They are known to alleviate heaviness and pain in the joints.

Hou Xi (SI-03) is effective in the treatment of headache with stiff neck. It can be used when there are red eyes, deafness, contracture of elbow.

Hou Xi (SI-03) is used to treat febrile diseases, night sweats, psychosis, epistaxis, paralysis of upper extremities. Hou Xi (SI-03) is prescribed for hypertension, hysteria, membrane on the eye, intercostal neuralgia, low back pain, lower limb neuralgia, jaundice, fullness in the chest, hand tremor, common cold, skin disease with itching, cold abscess.

It can be used successfully to treat pain in the scapula, arm and or hand, it is suggested to combine with local points.

Night sweats, combine with HT 6.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.


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Tai Xi (Kid-03)

  • English translation: Greater Stream

International identity number: K 03, Kd 03, Ki 03, Kid 03, Kidney 03

Point Associations:

  • Shu-Stream
  • Yuan-Source
  • Earth point of the Kidney channel

Location:

  • In the depression between the medial malleolus and the tendo calcaneus, at the level with the tip of the medial malleolus.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun or connect with Bl-60

Functions:

  • Tonifies the Kidneys,
  • Benefits Essence,
  • Strengthens the lower back and knees,
  • Regulates the uterus,
  • Nourishes Kidney Yin and Clears deficiency heat
  • Tonifies Kidney Yang
  • Anchors the Qi and benefits the Lung

Tai Xi (Kid-03) is a unique point in that it strengthens the Kidney and as such it nourishes both Yin and Yang, which in turn nourishes all the Organs.

Tai Xi (Kid-03) is an important point to treat symptoms of Kidney Yin deficiency like, low grade sore throat that worsens with fatigue, constipation which is dry, headache and dizziness, chronic tooth decay due to lack of nourishment to the bones, loosening teeth, tinnitus or hearing loss.

Balance between Kidney and Heart is essential. Kidney water cools Heart fire, and Heart fire warms Kidney water. When the Kidneys and the Heart are in disharmony the Spirit is disturbed giving rise to insomnia, excessive dreaming, and poor memory. Heart and Kidneys in harmony gives one the Will to follow and act on what the Heart desires.

The Lungs and Kidney relationship is a strong one with the Lungs recognised as the ‘canopy’ and the Kidneys are the anchor. It is the Lungs function to breath in Qi and channel downwards to the Spleen where it blends with food and water, transformed into Qi and transported throughout the body. It is the Kidney’s function to grasp Lung Qi and guide it downwards. Kidney deficiency will give rise to breathlessness, coughing as Qi rebels upward, difficult breathing and Asthma.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, all sexual functions derive from the Kidneys. In men, seminal fluid is seen to contain one’s essence. In women the Kidneys connect directly with the Uterus and ovaries and is the source of a woman’s essence which is lost through menstruation and childbirth. Tai Xi (Kid-03) is the point of choice for all manner of sexual dysfunction including, impotence, seminal emission, and sexual exhaustion.

Tai Xi (Kid-03) is chosen to treat Kidney disharmony, which manifests as chronic lumbar pain not associated with any physical trauma, weak and/or sore knees, dark circles under the eyes, propensity to fright and phobias.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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Zu Lin Qi – GB-41

  • English translation: Falling Tears (foot) or Foot Governor of Tears

International identity number: GB 41, Gall Bladder 41

Point Associations:

  • Shu-Stream
  • Wood point of the Gall Bladder channel
  • Master (Opening) point of the Dai Mai (Girdling vessel) with SJ-05

Location:

  • In the depression distal to the junction of the 4th. and 5th. metatarsal bones, on the lateral side of the tendon of m. extensor digiti minimi of the foot.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun

Functions:

  • Promotes the smooth flow of Liver Qi
  • Regulates the Girdle Vessel
  • Benefits the chest, lateral costal region and breasts
  • Clears the head and benefits the eyes
  • Resolves Damp Heat
  • Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodules

Zu Lin Qi (GB-41) is an important point for stagnation of Qi, it promotes the smooth flow in the body. This can also be interpreted as de-stressing tension that comes from modern living.

Zu Lin Qi (GB-41) is the opening point of the Dai Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system. When combined with SJ-05, it is indicated for distention and pain of the breast, breast abscess, menstrual disorders and reticent menstruation, and is particularly used in situations where Liver Qi stagnation impairs the smooth flow and regularity of the menstrual cycle.

Zu Lin Qi (GB-41) has an important role when treating headaches due to both emotional, and physical causes, especially occipital and vertex.

It is an important point for menstrual pain and breast disorders.

Zu Lin Qi (GB-41) as the name indicates – “falling Tears (foot)” is important for treating eye problems, redness, swelling and lacrimation issues, tearing, excessive lacrimation.

Local point for lateral foot issues – pain, cramping.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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Gong Sun Sp-04

English translation: Minute Connecting channels or Grandfather Grandson

International identity number: Sp 04, Spleen 4

Point Associations:

  • Luo- Luo-Connecting point of the Spleen channel
  • Master (Opening) point of the Chong Mai (Penetrating vessel) with P-06

Location:

  • In the depression distal and inferior to the base of the 1st. metatarsal bone. 1 cun posterior to Sp-03,  at the junction of the red and white skin.
  • On the medial side of the foot, in the depression distal and inferior to the base of the first metatarsal bone.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun

Functions:

  • Tonifies Stomach and Spleen
  • Regulates the Chong Mai (Penetrating Vessel)
  • Stops bleeding
  • Dispels fullness
  • Pacifies the Stomach
  • Removes obstructions
  • Regulates menstruation

Gong Sun (Sp-04) is an important and frequently used acu points.  It is the opening point of the Chong Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system.

Gong Sun (Sp-04) has an important role in harmonising the middle Jiao when there is excess type epigastric and abdominal pain. It is used to treat food poisoning and dysentery. It strengthens the Spleen. It regulates stagnation of Qi and transform Dampness.

Treats pain  in the heel.

Gynecological and Abdominal issues due to stagnation of Qi and Blood – masses, fibroids, cysts, irregular menstruation.

When combined with P-06 it can treat chest and heart pain and disharmony of the Mind, with sighing, anxiety, insomnia, nervousness.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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Nei Guan P-06

English translation: Inner Gate or Inner Pass or Inner Closure.

International identity number: P 06, PC 06, Pericardium 6

Point Associations:

  • Luo-Connecting point of the Pericardium channel
  • Opening (Master) point of the Yin Wei Mai with Sp-04

Location:

  • 2 cun above the wrist crease on the cleft of the tendons of m. palmaris longus and m. flexor carpi radialis.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun, or joined to Wai Guan SJ-5;
  • Oblique proximal insertion 1 to 1.5 cun for diseases of the chest;
  • Oblique distal insertion 1 to 1.5 cun for numbness of the fingers.

Functions:

  • Opens the chest
  • Regulates Heart Qi and Blood
  • Regulates and clears the San Jiao
  • Calms the Mind
  • Regulates Jue Yin
  • Harmonises the Stomach Qi and alleviates nausea and vomiting
  • Clears heat
  • Opens the Yin Wei Mai

Nei Guan (P-06) is one of the most important and frequently used acu points.  It is the opening point of the Yin Wei Mai of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels, which may be the most ancient body energetic system.

Nei Guan (P-06) is one of the most important acu points when treating chronic the Heart arising from Qi stagnation. It opens and relaxes tightness of the chest associated with angina, asthma, palpitations. It should be considered with treating Insomnia whether of a deficiency or excess nature.

Nei Guan (P-06) is frequently used in Shen or Mind disorders such as mania, nervousness, stress, poor memory.

Nei Guan (P-06) is frequently used in nausea, seasickness, motion sickness, vomiting, epigastric pain. It is also a commonly used acu point in treating Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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He Gu (LI-04)

English translation: Joining Valley

International identity number: LI-04, Large Intestine 4

IMPORTANT: This point is prohibited for use during pregnancy

Point Associations:

  • Yuan-Source point
  • Gao Wu Command point
  • Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star point

Location:

Midway between the junction of the 1st. and 2nd metacarpal bones (fingers) and the margin of the web.

Needle insertion:

Perpendicular insertion 0.5 – 1.0 cun. Oblique insertion directed proximally 1 to 1.5 cun.

Functions:

  • Dispels, exterior Wind,
  • Releases the Exterior,
  • Stimulates the dispersing function of the Lungs,
  • Stops pain,
  • Removes obstructions from channel by activating the channel and alleviates pain
  • Tonifies Qi and consolidates the Exterior,
  • Harmonises ascending and descending,
  • Regulates the defensive Qi and adjusts sweating
  • Regulates the face, eyes, nose, mouth and ears
  • Induces labour
  • Restores the Yang

He Gu (LI-04) is one of Ma Dan Yang’s ‘Twelve Heavenly Star Points’, long considered the pre-eminent list of the most important acupuncture points.

He Gu (LI-04) is one of the most frequently used of all Acupuncture points and has a wide range of uses. It is particularly useful for all kinds of pain in the face, including eyes, ears, and nose. He Gu (LI-04) is a primary point used in Acupuncture anaesthesia.

He Gu (LI-04) induces Labour. It is used in difficult deliveries, and even to expel retained placenta. He Gu (LI-04) is strongly contraindicated during pregnancy.

The combination known as “the Four Gates” includes He Gu (LI-04) and Taichong (Liv-03) is useful for clearing cold and heat obstructions (pain) of the entire body.  Combined with Quchi (LI 11) it is used to reduce high fever of any cause.

He Gu (LI-04) has the action of expelling pathogens and as such is an excellent immunity booster acu point.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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Wei Zhong – Bl-40

English translation: Supporting Middle or Middle of the Crook

International identity number: Bl-40, UB-40, Urinary Bladder 40

Point Associations:

  • He Sea Point
  • Earth Point
  • Lower He Sea Point of the Urinary Bladder
  • Lumbar Command Point

Location:

In the middle of the popliteal fossa. Midpoint of the transverse crease of the popliteal fossa, between the tendons of biceps femoris and semitendinosis.

Needle insertion:

Perpendicular insertion 1.0 – 1.5 cun, or prick the popliteal vein with the three-edged needle to cause bleeding.

Functions:

  • Clears Heat
  • Resolves Dampness
  • Relaxes the sinews
  • Removes obstructions from the channel
  • Benefits the lumbar region and knees
  • Cools Blood
  • Eliminates stasis of Blood
  • Clears Summer Heat
  • Activates the channel and alleviates pain
  • Benefits the Bladder

Wei zhong (Bl-40) is one of Ma Dan Yang’s ‘Twelve Heavenly Star Points’, long considered the pre-eminent list of the most important acupuncture points.

Wei Zhong (Bl 40) as the Lumbar Command point, is an excellent point for any low back condition, acute or chronic, muscle spasm. It is one of the main points for heat conditions such as summer heat, heatstroke and heat exhaustion. He-Sea points are where the Qi of the meridian collects and goes deep into the body. He-sea points are known to indicated treat rebellious Qi and diarrhoea. It is also known to help skin conditions, itching, oozing, inflammation, etc.. Good local point for leg a/or knee pain.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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Tai Bai – Sp-03

English translation: Greater White

International identity number: Sp-03, Spleen 3

Point Associations:

  • Shu-Stream
  • Yuan-Source
  • Earth point of the Spleen meridian

Location:

  • On the medial and proximal to the 1st. meta-tarso-phalangeal joint at the junction of the red and white skin.

Needle insertion:

  • Perpendicularly 0.3-0.5 inch. Moxibustion is applicable.

Functions:

  • Strengthens the Spleen
  • Resolves Damp and damp-heat
  • Strengthens the spine
  • Harmonises the Spleen and Stomach
  • Regulates Qi

Tai Bai (Sp-03) is an important when we want to regulate digestive metabolism especially those with excess pathologies. You can use moxibustion on this point to treat Spleen Yang deficiency.  You should also consider Tai Bai for abdominal distention, epigastric pain, constipation, dysentery, vomiting, diarrhea, borborygmus, sluggishness or heaviness in the body, muscle atrophy in the lower legs

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

References:


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